Social Value Orientation and Preference for Control as correlates of Submissive and Dominant Authori
Dorota Katarzyna Markiewicz, University of Warsaw; Janusz Grzelak, University of Warsaw; David Michael Kuhlman, University of Delaware
Conference: ISPP 2011
Affiliation: University of Warsaw
Research Area: Political decision making
|Social Value Orientation (SVO) concerns individual differences in outcomes to self and others, while Preference for Control (PFC) concerns how these outcomes are attained via various allocations of control. Here, both SVO and PFC are treated as individual difference variables, and the present work examines their relationship to Authoritarianism. The current conceptualization of Authoritarianism is in terms of two constructs: Right-Wing Authoritarianism (RWA), and Social Dominance Orientation. (SDO), commonly referred to as submissive and dominant authoritarianism, respectively. Research has demonstrated that both are related to prejudice, inequality, and aspects of personality. Since authoritarianism is viewed in part as negative perception of out-groups, we hypothesized that authoritarianism may relate to the understanding of and approach to social interactions per se’.
The sample consisted of 174 students from the University of Delaware, who completed measures of SVO, PFC, SDO and RWA.
With respect to SVO, Cooperators have significantly lower RWA and SDO scores than Individualists and Competitors. For RWA the SVO effect was strongly moderated by sex. With regards to PFC, those with high preferences for collaborative control (working with others) were lower on SDO than those with low preferences for collaborative control. And, those with a low preference for reflexive control (controlling one’s own outcomes) scored higher on RWA than those with a high preference for reflexive control. Inconsistent with previous research, RWA and SDO were weakly related.
Social Interdependence and Authoritarianism are related in aspects crucial for social dilemmas and decision making. Implications and areas of future research are discussed.