International Society of Political Psychology

Conference Abstracts

Social Political Activism and Perceived Sense of Self-Efficacy in Iranian American Women

Nazanin Moali, Alliant International University; Paula Johnson, Alliant International University

Conference: ISPP 2011
Research Area: Social inequality and social change

The issues of the Middle Eastern women’s political and social activism recently have gained prominence in policy debates and communities across the world. However there were not many studies evaluating psychological outcomes of women’s involvements in these activities. Additionally, there are many Iranians residing in the united state, but little is known about the impact of their involvement in social and political activities in their communities. The overarching goal of this study was to examine the relationship between the political and social activism and perceived self-efficacy in Iranian-American Women.
This study included 87 Iranian American women residents that were 18 years or older. In addition to a demographic questionnaire participants completed two other instruments including: General Self Efficacy Scale (GSE), and Activism Orientation Scale (AOS).
Results indicated a significant negative relationship between the social/political activism and perceived self-efficacy in this population. Furthermore, this study showed a positive correlation between perceived self-efficacy and years of education in this population.  Since discrimination against women is built in Iranian cultural attitudes, government policies and legal framework, social political activism in Iranian women might lead to great disappointment and negatively affect their sense of self-efficacy.