International Society of Political Psychology

Conference Abstracts

Partisan cleavages and distributive preferences: A cross sectional time comparison

Juan Carlos Castillo, P. Universidad Catolica de Chile; Alan Salamovich, P. Universidad Catolica de Chile; Daniel Miranda, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Conference: ISPP 2011
Affiliation: P. Universidad Catolica de Chile
Research Area: Social inequality and social change

Distributive issues constitute one of the central elements in the identification with political parties. Particularly the continuum more state-more market is assumed to overlap with the continuum left-right, in the sense that left wing parties would be more leaning to support redistribution from an active role of the state. The present paper attempts to challenge this assumption for the case of Chile, by suggesting that a) the identification with political parties is not necessarily a clear predictor of distributive preferences in a context characterized by strong neoliberal reforms, and b) that partisanship differences regarding distributive preferences have been attenuated along time. With this aim, we analyze the influence of party identification and left-right identification on a number of distributive preferences, such as justification of income inequality, government responsibility in diminishing the income gap, and the support for stronger taxation. The data comes from the social inequality module of the International Social Survey Programme, waves 1999 (n= 1,503) and 2009 (n=1,505) for Chile. Preliminary analyses showed that most of the differences in distributive preferences are not between but within parties along time, whereby for most of the parties we observe a diminishing support for redistribution.