International Society of Political Psychology

Conference Abstracts

Affective, Cognitive and Motivational Determinants of Turkish Public Opinion:  an in-depth analysis

Stavroula Chrona, University of Surrey, United Kingdom; Tereza Capelos, University of Surrey

Conference: ISPP 2011
Affiliation: University of Surrey, United Kingdom
Research Area: Political decision making

Our paper examines the cognitive, affective and motivational factors of Turkish citizens’ political arguments and considerations as they are determined by two ideological orientations that are often seen as being in tension with each other: Political Islam and Kemalist nationalism. In addition, it examines how the influence of the two ideologies is mediated by political sophistication. Extending our analysis of the World Value Survey data, this paper examines qualitative interview data to identify the significance of Political Islam and Kemalism Nationalism in shaping beliefs and political attitudes. We find evidence that the two ideologies shape different attitudes and behaviors, but at times predict the same political choices. We also focus on the dynamic role of political sophistication in the formation of political arguments. We examine how the level of citizens' political understanding affects the ways the two ideologies shape political judgments. Our in-depth interviews allow us to identify important nuances in the way these complex political ideologies determine political decision making in the changing environment of modern Turkey.