International Society of Political Psychology

Conference Abstracts

2W Minority perspectives on identification with the nation: criticism against the nation, contested

(Session Organizer) Elmar Schlueter, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB); (Discussant) Anca Minescu, University of Limerick; (Chair) Elmar Schlueter, Social Scien

Conference: ISPP 2011
Affiliation: Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB)
Research Area: Intergroup relations

Much of the literature on national identification focuses on its associations with anti-immigrant prejudice and is generally limited to countries’ majority populations. This panel aims to shed light on an underrepresented and yet underresearched minority perspective on national identification. Three papers investigate the role of group status, ethnic diversity, distinct representations of belonging to the nation and minorities’ metaperceptions as explanatory grounds for minorities’ identification with European nations. The first paper (Sarrasin & Green) examines the role of minority status within a multi-national state and of ethnic diversity for critical perceptions of the nation. Multilevel analysis is applied to Swiss data from the World Values Study to show how minority group status, ethnic diversity and criticism moderate the link between national identification and exclusionist attitudes. The second paper (Yildiz) shows how one of the most devalued minority groups in Europe, Turkish Muslims, position themselves vis-à-vis the nations in which they live. Based on discursive analyses of publications of major Muslim organisations and interviews with their leaders in Germany and the Netherlands, the study shows that Turkish Muslim organizations make a distinction between identification with the country of residence, which they explicitly support, and identification as a member of the national community, which they reject as a sign of unwarranted assimilation. The third paper (Fleischmann & Veit) further investigates to what extent and why identification with the country of residence is compatible with Muslim and ethnic identities of Turkish and Moroccan minorities in six European countries. Based on analyses of survey data from six European countries, the study investigates the role of metaperceptions of minority group members, i.e., their perception of how they are perceived by members of the majority population, in maintaining dual identities as Turkish or Moroccan Muslims and members of European national communities. Complementing research among majority populations on the link between national identification and anti-immigrant prejudice as a crucial indicator of intergroup relations in today’s diverse European societies, these papers provide insight into the other side of the coin by exploring how intergroup relations, or the representations and perceptions thereof, shape minorities’ national identification.