International Society of Political Psychology

Conference Abstracts

1W Peace Making in the context of Intractable Conflict: Issues and Perspectives

(Session Organizer) Tamir Magal, School of Political Science, Haifa University, Israel; (Chair) Christopher Cohrs, Queen's University Belfast; (Discussant) Evanthia Lyons

Conference: ISPP 2011
Affiliation: School of Political Science, Haifa University, Israel
Research Area: Political conflict, violence, and crisis

Peace making process refers to acts, both formal and informal, designed to facilitate conditions towards peaceful resolution of intractable conflict. Conflict resolution refers to the formal negotiation process that takes place between decision-makers, in order to reach a formal settlement. In order to succeed, peace making eventually requires the support of members of the elites, of societal institutions, and of a substantial portion of society members. However, only rarely are such processes initiated by political leaders and elites.
In most of the cases, peace making involves a dual pathway: at the beginning, a bottom-up process in which groups, grass-root organizations and civil society members support the ideas of peace making, and act to disseminate them among leaders and society members. Latter on, a top-down process is also needed, in which emerging leaders begin to persuade society members, and act to realize a peaceful settlement of the conflict.
The presentations in this panel will discuss several aspects of peace making process:
The first presentation (Rosler) will discuss the conditions and dynamics of moving from intractable conflict to constructive peace making. The second presentation (Magal) will discuss the influence of changing context of the conflict on grass-root mobilization for peace organizations. The third presentation (Kappmeier) will discuss the role of trust in peace making, and will elaborate on measurement of trust. The forth presentation (Mercy, Chow and Kappmeier) will elaborate on the role of shared collective memory in the building of mutual trust.